Socrates, a Greek philosopher from 470BC-399BC, is widely credited for laying down the foundation for Western philosophy. Socrates is said to have been Athenian, from the city of Athens, the oldest city in Europe.

Socrates is known as one of the greatest philosophers to have ever lived and the father of Western philosophy; however, he might not have ever actually existed. None of his works exist today and the only mention of him is from his supposed students' works. Nonetheless, what has been attributed to him is amazing and were truly revolutionary at the time. Today, he is still considered as one of the greatest minds in history (that is, if he existed). Read some famous Socrates quotes below.

He is richest who is content with the least, for content is the wealth of nature.
Children today are tyrants. They contradict their parents, gobble their food, and tyrannize their teachers.
An honest man is always a child.
I know nothing except the fact of my ignorance.
As to marriage or celibacy, let a man take which course he will, he will be sure to repent.
I decided that it was not wisdom that enabled poets to write their poetry, but a kind of instinct or inspiration, such as you find in seers and prophets who deliver all their sublime messages without knowing in the least what they mean.
I only wish that ordinary people had an unlimited capacity for doing harm; then they might have an unlimited power for doing good.
Let him that would move the world first move himself.
Virtue does not come from wealth, but... wealth, and every other good thing which men have... comes from virtue.
The unexamined life is not worth living.